If you have a misaligned bite teeth, your orthodontist will probably suggest a range of treatments to achieve a straighter smile. These solutions may include wearing braces. If braces are not the right option for you, the orthodontist may recommend a retainer.
Prior to treatment, the orthodontist will ask questions relating to your health as well as perform as series of clinical exams to ascertain whether you are an ideal candidate to have orthodontic braces. In addition, the orthodontist will take impressions of your teeth and obtain X-rays and other images of your face and mouth. After this valuable data is gathered, an appropriate treatment plan will be created for you.
So how do orthodontic braces work?
These appliances operate by providing continuous pressure to move your teeth to the desired locations. They gradually position the teeth over time until they reach their proper place. Orthodontic braces also simultaneously alter bone structure as pressure is placed on the teeth.
Orthodontic braces consist of these vital components, which have their corresponding functions:
Using a special bonding agent, brackets are attached directly to the teeth. At the same time, they hold the archwires that push the teeth to their ideal spots. Brackets are available in tooth-colored ceramic, plastic and stainless steel.
As an anchor to the brackets, orthodontic bands are wrapped around each tooth. Not all patients have these bands; some have only brackets. To create spaces between teeth, spacers are used to allow each placement of the orthodontic bands.
To guide teeth movement, archwires are securely fastened to the brackets. In turn, these wires are fastened to the brackets by tiny elastic rubber bands. A buccal tube is placed on the archwire of the orthodontic band positioned on the last tooth.
As an alternative to traditional braces, there are newer mini-braces that are also available. Discuss with your orthodontist which type of orthodontic appliance works best for you.