What causes gingivitis?

Gingivitis is a form of periodontal disease. It is due to the harmful effects of plaque deposits. Bacteria produces sticky, colorless plaque on the teeth. Brushing and flossing will help eliminate plaque. However, plaque that is not removed will form tartar, a harder substance found on the teeth. Tartar harbors bacteria, which will make it easier for bacteria to invade your gums, causing gum disease.

Initially, bacteria from your tartar will cause inflammation of the gums. Gingivitis is seen as swelling and reddening of the gums. Gums bleed easily even during brushing of the teeth. Gingivitis is easily treated by improving your dental hygiene and regular cleaning from a dentist.

If left untreated, gingivitis will develop into periodontitis, a more serious type of infection. Gums pull back from the teeth and form shallow pockets of infection. Bacteria invades deeper into the tissues, causing your body’s defense, the immune system, to respond. During their epic battle, your teeth become casualties from bacterial toxins and the body’s own enzymes, causing them to break down. Damaged teeth become loose and may need to be removed.

Now you can kiss your overbite or underbite goodbye. Have an attractive smile that’s truly remarkable from an expert’s perspective. Call us in Wilbraham today at (413) 596-9657 or use our online Request an Appointment form. Our patients come to us from the Pioneer Valley (Hampden County, MA) towns of Hampden, Ludlow, Monson, Palmer, Springfield, Wilbraham and East Longmeadow, Massachusetts.